All About Quilt Borders

There are many ways to finish or “frame” a quilt. As quilters, we find ourselves altering patterns and trying to determine the answers to several questions when adding borders:

Do we use a border? How many?
What size is appropriate?
Will borders be added to all four sides or just three?
Is it possible to make the quilt larger but maintain proportional borders?

So many questions. The dilemma slows our finishing as we mull over the options.

If your goal is simply to make the quilt larger, the easy answer is to make additional patchwork blocks. However, by doing this, you are restricted to increasing your quilt top to the size of the blocks, which means adding width and/or length. Many antique quilts don’t have borders. Quilters simply made blocks so the top was appropriately sized and ended with binding.

But what are the answers when it comes to borders? Quilting doesn’t have strict rules—the choices are as endless as stars in the sky. However, there are a few different methods we can use to assist in the process. Here are some common techniques many quilters embrace.

The Golden Ratio

The golden ratio occurs in nature and is widely considered to be the “perfect proportion.” Objects that adhere to the golden ratio appear balanced and pleasing to our senses.

The ratio, in its simplest form, is 1.6 to 1. This is applied so that each border should be 1.6 times larger than the previous one.

diagram of a quilt with the golden ratio

One border is 2”, the next is 3.25″ (rounding number to the nearest 14” makes cutting nicer). These are finished widths. Always remember to add seam allowances before cutting.

2” first border
2” x 1.6 = 3.2″ or 3.25” second border
3.25” x 1.6 = 5.2″ or 5.25” third border

The quilt shown here demonstrates the golden ratio. (Note: the blocks are 10” and the quilt finishes 77” x 88”.)

Proportioned to Patchwork

This method uses a fraction of the patchwork size used in the body of the quilt. Using 14 to 13 or 12 to 23 of the block size can be used to determine border width. Yes, there are different opinions regarding the widths and proportions.

An example is a quilt using 12” blocks—the border can be either 3”, 4”, 6”, or 9”. The size you select is a personal choice and can be determined by the type and scale of the print you may want to use. In the following examples, you can see the proportions and how they fit the patchwork top properly.

diagram of a quilt with proportioned patchwork

Doll Quilt (16” x 16”)

4” blocks
12” sashing and inner borders
1” borders

Small quilts need small borders.

diagram of a doll quilt

Throw quilt (56” x 70”)

12” blocks
2” sashing
2” inner border—matches sashing size
4” outer border—13 of block size

Well proportioned. The combination of borders and the width of the border strips pleasantly surrounds the patchwork center, leaving the viewer intrigued by the quilt blocks that are the focal point.

diagram of a throw quilt

Throw quilt (62” x 76”)

12” blocks
2” sashing
9” outer border

Not proportioned. The border overwhelms the patchwork center and distracts the viewer looking from the border to the patchwork and back to the border. In this case, making more blocks might be a better choice rather than excessively wide borders.

diagram of a throw quilt

Throw quilt (62” x 76”)

12” blocks
2” sashing
2” outer border

This small border appears lost and doesn’t seem to frame the patchwork.

Borders Proportioned to Quilt Size

This method references the finished size of the quilt for determining border width. This method can be combined with both A and B above. It was considered when creating the sample quilts above.

This guideline suggest that a small wall quilt should have a border that totals less than 6”, but that a king-size quilt can total up to 12” to 14”. Borders that become too wide overwhelm the quilt’s center design. All quilts that fall between this range should be proportioned properly in this manner.

Here are some suggestions:

Wall quilt: 3” or less

Crib-size quilt: 3”

Twin-size quilt: 4”

Full-size quilt: 5”

Queen-size quilt: 6”

King-size quilt: 6” to 7”

quilt diagram

No Borders

This is the simple finish of a quilt with just binding. The binding can match the background fabric or be a contrast to the quilt center. This is a very traditional finish for a quilt. Borders were not commonly used before the 20th century. Since early quilts were created out of necessity, large amounts of fabric in a given color or pattern were not as available as they are today. Many have returned to this way of thinking and considered them part of the modern quilt movement, but it could be that it is just a step toward another style of quilt—the borderless, artistic influence.

Borders Cut from a Large Print Fabric

In this case, the width is pre-determined by the print of the fabric. There are times when a printed border-style fabric is selected. In this case, determining how and where to cut borders is purely a subjective call on the part of the quilter. Keep the golden ratio in mind as well as proportions from the patchwork top in order to create a pleasing balance when the quilt is completed.

Pieced Borders

The width of these borders is determined by the block or piecing that will be used. Oftentimes, this can be altered in proportion to the border width desired. Pieced borders can beautifully frame the center patchwork, but they can also pose a challenge for creating a perfectly fitting border. This type of border is used when creating medallion-style quilts.

Whether you are designing, altering, or just learning to quilt, borders are a topic you will undoubtedly encounter. Learning about ratios, proportions, and how to apply some simple math can lead to a picture-perfect finish.

What are your go-to quilt border tips? Share them with us in the comments below!

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19 Responses to “All About Quilt Borders”

  1. Sally

    I was struggling on adding a border for a pattern that did not have one. Helpful ideas on proper size. Thank you for concise ideas and examples.

    • Customer Service

      Hello Sally,

      Thank you for your great question. I have sent to your question to our expert. We will respond soon. Thank you. Ticket #44796

    • Customer Service

      Thanks – it’s nice to know that the information we provide for quilters is helpful and valued.
      Happy Quilting
      Colleen Tauke

  2. Toni Abeyta

    When using 2 borders, is it best to have the darker narrower border next to the quilt top with the lighter wider border on the outside–or–have the narrower lighter border next to the quilt top with the darker wider border on the outside???

    • Customer Service

      Hello Toni,

      Thanks for contacting the National Quilters Circle with your question. When adding borders to a quilt, the color placement is purely an individual choice. There are times when the background of the center is a light color and by adding a light inner border the pieced portion then “floats” and looks suspended within the center. There are other times when I have used a darker or accent color as my inner border to act as a defining edge to a patchwork center. It really is a personal decision. There are no hard and fast rules about color/value placement within borders. Good question!

      If you have any other questions, please chat, email, or call Customer Service. 


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  3. Dorothea Neighbours

    Excellent article, concise and detailed enough to be useful. The positive and negative examples ( visuals) were outstanding and made written points marvelously clarified.

  4. Darlene Smith-Gianelli

    Thank you for the info as I am a novice. So this is quite helpful.

  5. Helen

    I have used a keyboard style border on several quilts. Great way to use up small scraps from the blocks. Easy to put together and easy to fit to quilt edges.